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Canada Minimum Wages: Province-Wise Minimum Wages Across Canada

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The minimum wage holds importance in the job market as it establishes the legal salary that employees, in Canada can receive. Although the federal government is responsible for determining the minimum wage each province has the power to establish its minimum wage. These rates act as a foundation to guarantee pay and safeguard the rights of workers. In this article, we explore the wages across provinces, in Canada offering a comprehensive overview of these crucial rates.

Federal Minimum Wage in Canada

The federal minimum wage in Canada, set by the Government of Canada, serves as a general baseline for employee compensation. As of April 1, 2023, the federal minimum wage is $16.65 per hour. Previously, this rate was $15.55 per hour. Employers must abide by this minimum pay rate or face penalties. Additionally, when provincial or territorial wages are higher than the federal rate, employers should adhere to the higher wage.

Province Wide Minimum Wages in Canada

The following list outlines minimum wages across various provinces and territories in Canada:

  1. Yukon: $16.77
  2. Saskatchewan: $14 (increasing to $15 on Oct 1, 2024)
  3. Alberta: $15
  4. Manitoba: $15.30
  5. British Columbia: $16.75
  6. Quebec: $15.25
  7. Prince Edward Island: $15
  8. Nunavut: $16
  9. Ontario: $16.55
  10. Northwest Territories: $16.05
  11. New Brunswick: $14.75
  12. Newfoundland and Labrador: $15
  13. Nova Scotia: $15

It’s worth noting that there are provinces where the minimum wage has remained the same for a while. For example, Alberta has kept its rate at $15, per hour since June 26 2019 while Nunavut has had a rate of $16, per hour since April 1, 2020. However, it is common for several provinces to regularly update their wages in response to factors, like inflation and the cost of living.

Special Wage Rates

Certain jurisdictions in Canada may have specific wage rates for different occupations or industries. For example, there might be unique rates for tipped workers or independent contractors. These special rates are usually set by the provincial governments and are accessible through their official websites or labor departments.

In the upcoming year, several Canadian provinces are evaluating potential increases to their minimum hourly wages. Among them, Yukon holds the highest provincial wage at $16.77 per hour.

The following outlines a snapshot of current and proposed minimum wages across various provinces and territories:

Alberta Minimum Wage:

  • – General Minimum: $15 per hour
  • – Students (under 18): $13 per hour (restrictions apply)
  • – Salespersons: $598 per week
  • – Domestic employees: $2,848 per month

Saskatchewan Minimum Wage:

  • – Effective from Oct 1, 2023: $14 per hour
  • – Effective from Oct 1, 2024: $15 per hour

Ontario Minimum Wage:

  • – General minimum: $16.55 per hour
  • – Student minimum: $15.60 per hour
  • – Homeworkers wage: $18.20 per hour

Prince Edward Island Minimum Wage:

  • – Effective from Oct 1, 2023: $15 per hour
  • – Effective from Apr 1, 2024: $15.40 per hour
  • – Effective from Oct 1, 2024: $16 per hour

Nunavut Minimum Wage:

  • Effective from Apr 1, 2020: $16 per hour

Quebec Minimum Wage:

  • Effective from May 1, 2023: $15.25 per hour

Nova Scotia Minimum Wage:

  • Effective from Oct 1, 2023: $15 per hour

Northwest Territories Minimum Wage:

  • Effective from Sep 1, 2023: $16.05 per hour

Newfoundland and Labrador Minimum Wage:

  • Effective from Oct 1, 2023: $15 per hour

British Columbia Minimum Wage:

  • Effective from Jun 1, 2023: $16.75 per hour

Manitoba Minimum Wage:

  • Effective from Oct 1, 2023: $15.30 per hour

Yukon Minimum Wage:

  • Effective from Apr 1, 2023: $16.77 per hour

New Brunswick Minimum Wage:

  • Effective from Apr 1, 2023: $14.75 per hour

Conclusion

Understanding the province-wise minimum wages across Canada is vital for both employers and employees to maintain a fair work environment. As these rates differ amongst provinces and territories, staying updated on federal and provincial changes helps facilitate adherence to labor laws and ensures workers receive the appropriate compensation.

If you have any questions, please feel free to get in touch with us using our contact form or via email, we will try our best to reply promptly with an answer to your query.

Disclaimer: This article is for informational purposes only, exclusively written and published by IntraSource. The published information is sourced from various trusted platforms, such as news agencies and online media, mainly the Government of Canada and Canadian online media/websites, and should not be considered as legal or professional advice. IRCC’s requirements may change, so consult a lawyer/s and receive professional advice before making decisions or applications.

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