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PERM: Foundation of US Immigration’s Labor Certification


PERM, or the Program Electronic Review Management, is the cornerstone of the U.S. immigration system’s process for certifying the need for permanent labor. This meticulous process ensures that job opportunities in the U.S. are first offered to American workers before being extended to foreign nationals. Through PERM, employers must demonstrate that there are no qualified U.S. workers available for the position they seek to fill with a foreign worker. This certification is a crucial step in the path to obtaining a green card for foreign workers, as it validates the necessity of their employment in the United States.

The Green Card Process for Skilled Immigrants

The quest for the American Dream is a path many skilled immigrants embark on, with the aspiration to secure lucrative job opportunities and ultimately achieve U.S. citizenship. Central to this journey is the Permanent Labor Certification (PERM), a fundamental prerequisite that enables foreign nationals to live and work permanently in the United States.

Importance of PERM in Achieving American Citizenship

The Gateway to Green Card Eligibility

The Permanent Labor Certification acts as the cornerstone for skilled immigrants, particularly in specialized sectors such as Information Technology (IT). It serves as the initial step toward obtaining a U.S. Green Card, which is an indispensable document for those seeking American citizenship. The PERM process, overseen by the U.S. Department of Labor (DOL), allows U.S. employers to hire foreign workers on a permanent basis by demonstrating that there are insufficient qualified U.S. workers available for the role in question.

Job Offer and Employment Visas: A Symbiotic Relationship

For several immigrant visa categories, procuring a job offer from a U.S. employer is not merely an advantage but a necessity. More specifically, visa categories such as EB-2 and EB-3 mandate an approved permanent labor certification before an immigration petition can be considered by the United States Citizenship and Immigration Services (USCIS). This underscores the importance of PERM as it not only fulfills DOL requirements but also paves the way for subsequent USCIS processes.

PERM Application Halt: A Cause for Concern?

Market Uncertainties Impacting PERM Filings

The IT landscape in the U.S. is currently shrouded in uncertainty resulting from shifts in the labor market. This turbulence has prompted significant technology firms to suspend new PERM filings reportedly until 2024, destabilizing prospects for skilled IT professionals aiming for long-term residency and citizenship.

The Implications for Skilled Immigrants

The intermission in PERM applications could signify more than just a hiccup in hiring practices; it may result in prolonged timelines and increased complexity for skilled immigrants already deeply invested in their American odyssey. Further, since employment-based preferences such as EB-2 and EB-3 heavily rely on receiving labor certifications, any pause or delay could have material consequences on their residency prospects.

DOL and USCIS Roles in PERM Adjudication

Division of Responsibilities between DOL and USCIS

While an approved labor certification from DOL is integral to establishing eligibility for certain employment-based visas, it should be noted that DOL’s role does not extend to evaluating a beneficiary’s qualifications. That responsibility falls squarely on USCIS, which has exclusive jurisdiction over assessing an individual’s qualifications for immigrant classifications.

Why Labor Certification Does Not Guarantee Position Qualification

It’s important for foreign nationals to understand that while obtaining a certified PERM is a key step towards permanent residency, it is not the final step. Approval by USCIS entails a rigorous evaluation of qualifications beyond the scope of DOL’s labor certification. Therefore, maintaining comprehensive records of educational qualifications, work experience, and relevant documentation remains critical throughout the immigration process.


Permanent Labor Certification is indeed a pivotal component in obtaining a Green Card for skilled immigrants under certain employment-based visa categories. While current market conditions present challenges, staying informed about policy changes, exploring alternative visa categories or employer avenues, and preparing meticulously for USCIS evaluation are the best strategies to enhance chances of securing American citizenship.

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